The European Elections and Social Democracy

The European Elections and Social Democracy

May 2014

Each month, 700 deputies travel from Brussels to Strasbourg. 8 trucks filled with files are carried all the way from Brussels to Strasbourg. This burocratic irrationality is caused by the attitude of France. Though we are facing a parliament who even has difficulties to decide where to meet, the European deputies claim to have improved their impact and force in...

Politics at the local government level: How much of it is ‘’For Women’’?

Politics at the local government level:  How much of it is ‘’For Women’’?

May 2014

Unlike those passed in 2005 and 2006, the recently enacted law concerning local governments, titled the Whole City Law (Law N. 6360), does not constitute a genuinely significant or needed legislative change. The law declared 16 metropolitan cities and 13 cities where a total of 56 million citizens live as ‘’whole cities” without any prior preparation...

Sources of Authoritarianism in Turkey

Sources of Authoritarianism in Turkey

May 2014

The idea that democracy is essential for progress and that unhindered declarations of the preferences of the hoi polloi must replace those of authoritarian administrators has been supported by a great number of thinkers. Of these, Francis Galton’s experiment is one of the most convincing. Betting at the farmers’ fair In the year 1906, Francis Galton,...

An Authoritarian Approach: The Case Of The AKP

An Authoritarian Approach: The Case Of The AKP

May 2014

  Taking the previous right-leaning parties as their model, the AKP takes more steps toward authoritarianism than its predecessors.       Turkey is among the world’s young democratic countries and that democracy brings with it the election system. Voters perceive they hold the power because they are able to determine major government bodies, such...

Analysis Of 2014 Turkish Municipal Elections

Analysis Of 2014 Turkish Municipal Elections

May 2014

Introduction Turkish people went to polls for municipal elections on March 30, 2014. Results show that the governing Justice and Development Party (JDP) and its charismatic leader known with his authoritarian style Recep Tayyip Erdoğan had their sixth consecutive victory.[1] Turnout rates for the elections were very high according to earlier results though the...

Would the AKP’s proposal consolidate democracy in Turkey? An examination from the point of separation of powers

Would the AKP’s proposal consolidate democracy in Turkey? An examination from the point of separation of powers

May 2014

The characteristics inherent in presidential systems, such as extreme personification of politics, high cost of losses and wins, a strengthening of the legitimacy of the political executive and the dominance of the president’s control over the legislature would contribute to authoritarian tendencies, because the rule of law is insufficient due to the suspected...

Turkey Under The AKP Rule: The Illusion Of “Gesellschaft”, The Reality of “Gemeinschaft”

Turkey Under The AKP Rule: The Illusion Of “Gesellschaft”, The Reality of “Gemeinschaft”

May 2014

  To begin, I will briefly explain the concepts of Gesellschaft (civil society) and Gemeinschaft (community) as developed by the famous German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies. Gemeinschaft is an association where individuals and informal relations are dominant (primary relations), whereas Gesellschaft is an association that emphasizes rational and...

“Woman Without a Name”

“Woman Without a Name”

May 2014

Although the women of Turkey had obtained various rights long before many European countries had, a reverse process began in the aftermath thereof. Duygu Asena,a famous Turkish female writer who made significant contributions regarding the development of women’s movement in Turkey, had summarized the position of women in Turkey quite well with the name of her...

The June uprising in Turkey and the fall of the JDP(Justice and Development Party)

The June uprising in Turkey and the fall of the JDP(Justice and Development Party)

May 2014

One of the recurring comments regarding the Gezi Park protests that kicked-off on May 31st and which has escalated into a mass rally for an astonishing period of 3 weeks, literally spreading throughout the nation, has been that the opposition’s rather weak and inadequate standing that has fuelled the defiance of the masses and helped support the intensity of...

Turkish Local Elections 2014

Turkish Local Elections 2014

May 2014

  In comparison with  the 2011 general elections, the votes of  the Justice and Development Party (AKP) has decreased by  6,6%. Though the political observers predicted a dramatic downfall, because of the widespread corruption implicating the prime minister, his family and several ministers, the  drop was limited to 2-3 millions of votes, what...

The AKP’s constitutional amendment proposal for a “presidential system”

The AKP’s constitutional amendment proposal for a “presidential system”

May 2014

    The AKP has finally turned words into action by drafting and sending Parliament a proposal to change the political system in Turkey to a “presidential system.” The AKP insistently uses this phrase, “presidential system” for its constitutional proposal as it entails provisions such as the election of the head of the state by a general vote,...

From EU candidacy to Shanghai Five membership: Turkey’s new path

From EU candidacy to Shanghai Five membership: Turkey’s new path

May 2014

Recent discussions show that instead of wanting to be a member of the EU, Turkey has turned its face to the Shanghai Five as the result of a decrease in democratic governance.   The sole strategy of Turkey, in the scope of the modernist movement, is to reach the level of western civilized countries. The milestone for the Turkish modernity period has been the...

Turkey’s Kurdish Question: Pitfalls For The Peace Talks

Turkey’s Kurdish Question: Pitfalls For The Peace Talks

May 2014

Turkey’s chronic “Kurdish problem” has always been a central issue in both the republic’s domestic and foreign policy since its very foundation. However, the armed opposition of Kurdish ethno-nationalism has become one of the biggest challenges to the Turkish state and democracy in only the last two or three decades following the emergence of the PKK....

The EU is back: Copenhagen Criteria Reloaded

The EU is back: Copenhagen Criteria Reloaded

May 2014

International scrutiny of Turkey’s government on issues such as human rights, personal freedoms and liberties and rule of law has a long history. Amnesty International documented applications of torture to political detainees associated with the coup d’état as early as 1971. In the following decades, Europe started to play an important part in the...

Politics, the AKP Style: What happens when you run out of “enemies?”

Politics, the AKP Style: What happens when you run out of “enemies?”

May 2014

  Introduction: AKP, Justice and Development Party, has built its reign on power through a series of unorthodox networks of political alliances in the country and abroad during 12+ years in the government at national and municipal levels in Turkey.  During this time, the Prime Minister has galvanized the hitherto existing centers of power within his party and...

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